Ceramic ferroelectric composite materials comprising barium strontium titanate/magnesium and oxygen-containing compound composite further doped with rare earth (lanthanide) oxides. More particularly, these inventive composites are comprised of Ba(1-x) Sr(x) TiO(3) /Mg--O based compound/rare earth oxide composite, wherein x is greater than or equal to 0.0 but less than or equal to 1.0, and wherein the weight ratio of BSTO to Mg compound may range from 99.75-20 wt. % BSTO to 0.25-80 wt.
A semiconductor waveguide modulator that is polarization insensitive/independent at bias variations for any chosen wavelength. The modulator of the present invention employs a novel type of strained semiconductor quantum well (QW) structure that exhibits bias independent, heavy-hole and light hole degeneracy. This effect is achieved by inserting one or two thin layers of highly tensile, strained materials in a specific position within the QW.
Process for making a semiconductor device having a barrier film comprising an extremely thin film formed of one or more monolayers each comprised of a two-dimensional array of metal atoms. In one exemplary aspect, the barrier film is used for preventing the diffusion of atoms of another material, such as a copper conductor, into a substrate, such as a semiconducting material or an insulating material.
The radiation hardness of a microelectronic device is improved by implant dopant ions, such as Si, into an oxide layer. This implantation creates electron traps/recombination centers in the oxide layer. A subsequent anneal remove defects in the active silicon layer
A simplified interference suppressor extends the applicability of adaptive locally optimum techniques to high speed communication systems. Traditional adaptive locally optimum processing amplitude quantity techniques compel baseband sample amplitudes calculation requiring square root operations that could limit the use of these techniques. The simplified interference suppressor utilizes amplitude squared values of baseband samples while maintaining the performance of those processing algorithms requiring the complexities of baseband sample amplitude calculation.
A plurality of Helmholtz resonators with varying physical characteristics are mechanically coupled within a structure to drastically reduced acoustic transmission through the structure or along a pipe. These mechanically coupled resonator structures produce much flatter broadband acoustic attenuation than uncoupled resonators.
Thin films of ferroelectric composite material comprising barium strontium titanate (BSTO) combined with magnesium oxide additive are produced by metalorganic decomposition. The barium strontium titanate magnesium oxide ferroelectric composite comprises Ba(1-x) Sr(x) TiO(3) /MgO, wherein x is greater than 0.0 but less than or equal to 0.75 and preferably is 0.4, and wherein the weight ratio of BSTO to magnesium oxide may range from 99 to 40 weight percent BSTO to 1 to 60 weight percent magnesium oxide.
An advanced multi-channel synchro-to-digital converting device for delivering synchro data to a data bus, includes a digital-to-synchro synthesizer for generating synthesized analog synchro test signals, and switching for selectively substituting the synthesized synchro signals for synchro signals, with the selection of conversion channels and the magnitudes of the synthesized analog synchro signals both under the control of data on the data bus.